Why do Python's Boolean operators return values/objects other than just True and False?

In the context of this post, I wonder: why do Python’s Boolean operators and and or return values/objects and not only True and False?

For example:

>>> print(7 or 8)

This functionality is not required when we want to control the flow of a program using if, elif and else statements, which are based on the True/False value of any statement. So, can someone please provide practical examples that show where this feature of the Boolean operators comes in handy?

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or and and are logical operators, they aren’t Boolean operators.

this is not true, condition also work for truthy/falsy values, for example:

if 7:
   print("7 is a truthy value")
   print("7 is a falsy value")

if 0:
   print("0 is a truthy value")
   print("0 is a falsy value")

Thanks for correcting my use of language regarding the logical operators.

As for your examples: you show that certain values are considered True or False by conditional statements. However, as far as I can see, this doesn’t explain why code like 7 or 8 would (have to) return 7. For the purpose of (your) conditional statements, 7 or 8 could just as well return True. Right?

Putting any incorrect statements on my behalf aside, I believe the original question still stands then?

See, for example, this post. The checked answer provides several examples leveraging the behavior we are discussing in code.

Here is a discussion with some historical context.

Speaking of history, PEP 285 is instructive: From the mouth (well, keyboard) of Guido himself:

Should we strive to require that Boolean operations (like “if”, “and”, “not”) have a bool as an argument in the future, so that for example “if [ ]:” would become illegal and would have to be written as “if bool([ ]):” ???

=> No!!!

Some people believe that this is how a language with a textbook Boolean type should behave. Because it was brought up, others have worried that I might agree with this position. Let me make my position on this quite clear. This is not part of the PEP’s motivation and I don’t intend to make this change.

… and

This PEP does not change the fact that almost all object types can be used as truth values. For example, when used in an if statement, an empty list is false and a non-empty one is true; this does not change and there is no plan to ever change this.


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