Should I use a loop based or method based solution?

Hello,

I realised that the solution given by the system is more of a loop-based solution than string method- based solution.

def count_char_x(word, x):
    occurrences = 0
    for letter in word:
        if letter == x:
            occurrences += 1
    return occurrences

Using the example method @mtf has shared in the first Code Challenge exercise:

def count_char_x(word, x):
  count = [ ]
  for letter in word:
    if letter == x:
      count.append(letter)
  return len(count)

This method could also generate the required function, using string methods.

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Speaking of string methods, there is one called .count() which is what you need for this exercise.
https://docs.python.org/3/library/stdtypes.html#str.count

def count_char_x(word, x):
  return word.count(x)

or just

print(word.count(x))
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Again, judging by the solution the question is ambiguous. Are we supposed to work out a naive solution or are we supposed to reach for built in string methods? The title suggests string methods, of which str.count() is the most appropriate one to use.

Bottom line, there are a lot of built in methods that can save time and effort but we should be aware of the naive solutions and how to arrive at them before reaching for built-ins. Practice makes perfect.

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Hence my increasing love for list comprehensions I wanted to share my solution:

def count_char_x(word, x):
  lst = [letter for letter in word if letter == x]
  return len(lst)
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How does this one work? I cannot get which part of this code counts. I can see that your return handles the numbers but how does lst is going to grow? I think letter for letter but it’s guessing, since this is the only part I don’t understand (from what I know about syntax it’s like letter = letter from word if that letter is equal to the letter we’re looking for but it doesn’t make sense)

That’s because the solution above may be out of step with the lesson plan. If you have not yet learned list comprehensions then expect it will come up soon.

The code is building a list in place of only the letters that match x. The length of that list is the return value, a count of matching characters.

We had list comprehension but it was like “do stuff for element in list if something”, here is “element for element in list if something” which I don’t get. Is “element for element” basically "put this element from the list on the new list?

[
    value to append    (may be an expression with x)
    for x in iterable  (the internal loop)
    conditional        (which values get appended)
]

Eg.

a = "123432123454321234567"
b = [x for x in a if x == 5]
print (b)         #  ['5', '5']
print (len(b))    #  2
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So the answer to my question:

Is yes? I’m sorru, but I really need to put stuff in my head in terms 5 year old could understand, I’m not smart. How does the "[x " is part telling my computer to make a new list out of what follows? Why not [b += x for x in a if x==5?] or [x in a if x==5]? I don’t get logic behind “x for x”

Basically, yes.

The comprehension cannot interact with the new list as it is not assigned until it is completely built. The build takes place within the square brackets, the defined delimiters of a list object.

[ ----------- list body --------- ]
[ x       for x in a     if x == 5]
  ^            ^             ^
value        loop        condition
  to
append

There is no loop (iteration over a). What is x? In a loop it is the iteration variable that takes on each character in turn, tests it against the condition, and if true, it gets into the allowed values (the ones to include in the list). The resulting list gets assigned to b.

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