Hi @codeneutrino! Thank you very much for following up.
In terms of primium_ground_shipping, it is a variable. Could this distinction relate to the TypeError I am getting?
And thank you for providing the link to the string formatting article - although, I could not find anything on how the methods mentioned compare to my use of str(). What might be the difference in how I am using this to convert my integer into a string and actual string formating be?
The way you format strings is string concatenation. It is a way of joining two or more strings together; that’s why you need to use the str() on non-string objects when concatenating. The other methods of string formatting involve inserting variable values into the string. Similar to most other languages. It is mainly for readability that one uses string formatting over concatenation. Here is an article on time/memory usage of concatenation vs other formatting methods.
Amazing! Thanks again, @codeneutrino.
It turns out you were correct. Getting clear on what was a variable vs a function has my code is up and running now.
And thanks for another great link!
I appreciate your help