Problem with: Learn Python / Introduction to Functions / 7. Keyword Arguments


Hi guys,

I’m totally new to coding and a few days into the Python course.

I have got totally stuck on the above lesson, I would massively appreciate any help!

I have been a couple of hours on this now and I cannot for the life of me figure out what I have missed for part one, having to use the plus signs around the word title.

This is the first step:

Define a function called create_spreadsheet that takes one argument, title , and only prints the string "Creating a spreadsheet called [TITLE]" , where [TITLE] is replaced with the value of title .

This is the code that passes the step:

def create_spreadsheet(title):
print(“Creating a spreadsheet called “+title+””)


This is the code that I have been trying to use from my limited/poor knowledge and description:

def create_spreadsheet(title):
print(“Creating a spreadsheet called [TITLE]”)


Is the lesson missing some text that teaches us about the plus signs or am being REALLY stupid?

Thanks all,


Please post the URL to this exercise. Thanks.


Thanks buddy


Codecademy has locked us out of the Pro courses. You’ll have to take your question to the Slack channel or ping an advisor.


That should have been covered under concatenation.

Only strings can be concatenated to strings.

"Some text " + some_string

When concatenating numbers to a string, be sure to use the str() constructor to convert the number to a string.

That’s the short and narrow of concatenation.


Really appreciate that mtf!

I think I’m going to have to go over old ground again, I seem to be forgetting a lot :frowning:


Something to keep in mind when you get to Lists and Dictionaries…

dict objects (as well as set objects) cannot be concatenated, but list objects can be.

>>> {'one':1} + {'two': 2}
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<pyshell#128>", line 1, in <module>
    {'one':1} + {'two': 2}
TypeError: unsupported operand type(s) for +: 'dict' and 'dict'
>>> [{'one':1}] + [{'two': 2}]
[{'one': 1}, {'two': 2}]

This is not something we can expect in other languages, so Python must be using .extend() in the background.

>>> [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] + [6, 7, 8, 9, 10]
[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]

The repeat operator, * must also be using .extend() and the list() constructor in the background to make this work…

>>> row = ['O'] * 10
>>> row
['O', 'O', 'O', 'O', 'O', 'O', 'O', 'O', 'O', 'O']

Note that the operator can be used on string objects.

>>> ays = 'a' * 10
>>> ays
>>> x = 42
>>> y = str(x) * 5
>>> x = int(y)
>>> y
>>> x