Lesson 15


#1

so after trying different things for half and hour, this works, but why does it work?

can someone please explain in laymens terms why this workes and cleared this section?

n = [3, 5, 7]
def total(numbers):
    result = 0
    for item in numbers:
       result += item
    return result
print total(n)

#2

n = [3, 5, 7] #Random list for testing
def total(numbers): #Creates a function called total and has an input variable placeholder called numbers which can be replaced by a random list when you call the function
    result = 0 #Going to use this to add numbers to it. Needs to have a value first so 0.
    for item in numbers: #Goes through each item in the list you're going to input
       result += item #adds the item to result
    return result #returns the result and ends the function -> this does not print anything to the console
print total(n) #calls the function and prints result into the console with random list being inputted/replacing input placeholder variable, number

See comments. If there are any specific questions, feel free to ask.


#3

things is, i put the print command to see the results displayed and the answer was 15.

I thought this program was interating the whole list, number by number, so would the output have been some thing like [4, 6, 8]

15 is the total of the original list added together.


#4

Output should be one number which is the sum of the numbers in an inputted list.

You have n = [3, 5, 7] and you called it by doing print total(n) which will output 15 in the console.
If you did print total([4, 6, 8]) below it, you can see 18 in the console. Try it out.

It is interacting with the whole list in order to add the numbers inside them together. Like 3 gets added to result first, then 5, and then 7.


#5

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