Learn to showcase data/content from a database on a web/app


I’m new here and hope you guys can help me out. I want to learn how to make a platform that shows stored data?

I’m considering using a database with information like:
Style no.
Manufacturing location

Then I want to make a platform that shows all these kind of data in a nice way.

Something similar to the attached picture. I’m not sure if this is considered a CMS?

Really hope you can help me on how to start learning how to do this and potentially what courses I should take.