How can I create a new Animal object and use its description method?


How can I create a new Animal object and use its description method?


Remember, creating a new object of a class looks like this:
object_name = ClassName("arguments_here")
Then, to use the description() method of our new Animal, we simply call that method attached to our new object, like this:


Is this code correct? :

class Animal(object):
is_alive = True
def init(self, name, age): = name
self.age = age

Add your method here!

def description(self):
print self.age
hippo = Animal(“Rick”, 50)
print hippo.description

Because when the console gives me this output:
<bound method Animal.description of <Animal object at 0x7fc20418afd0>>

Shouldn’t it supposed to display the animal’s name and age?


Remove the print statement and add () after description. It should look like this:

hippo = Animal("Rick", 50)

The error probably appears since you forgot to include parentheses.
You don’t need the print statement because the function description already has them.

Thank you so much! Got it!

Another valid way of writing it is:

hippo = Animal("Hubert", 12)

Are the two ways of writing it merely a matter of taste, or is one way generally preferred over the other?

I don’t think it matters too much. The other way may be preferred since it is shorter, but your way could also be preferred, since it is more specific.

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I’d like to know the use of “hippo.description()” here. Thanks

Using hippo.description() is a way of calling the method description associated with the instance object referenced by hippo. In this case it leads to a couple of attributes being printed to the console so it’s a quick way of returning particular pieces of data about that object.

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If the method description is calling name and age why don’t we have to include those as arguments like this?
def description(self, name, age):


print self.age


If you added them as arguments to the method then every time you called that method you’d have to pass those two additional arguments.

fossil = Animal("Seymour", 15)
fossil.description("Seymour", 15)  # passing them every time isn't right
# fossil.description()  # you want to be able to call it like this

Instead, because you have assignments for these objects in your __init__ method, e.g. = name this data is already a bound attribute of any instance you create. So you can just use self and access these attributes within the function making things much simpler.

Calling hippo.description doesn’t print anything while description consists of two print commands. Why?

Did you call it in the standard manner, e.g. hippo.description() ? If so what does your description method look like? If you’re posting code to the forums, please see: How do I format code in my posts?


adding () at the end of hippo.description answered my question.

Yes. This is because hippo.description implies that description is a property (an instance variable) of hippo. By adding (), this means that description() is a behaviour (an instance method) of hippo. When we call methods, we need to add parentheses just as we would call a function.