Helper Functions Exercise - Logic behind code solution

Hello Codecademy people!

Could someone help me understand the logic behind the code below please?

function monitorCount(rows, columns) {
return rows * columns;

function costOfMonitors(rows, columns) {
return monitorCount(rows, columns) * 200;

const totalCost = costOfMonitors(5, 4);


From what I can understand the variable costOfMonitors(5, 4); assigns 5 and 4 to the parameters of rows and columns. I’m assuming it assigns these arguments to the parameters of the first function, monitorCount(rows, columns) and from there it then runs the code, multiplying 5 by 4 and then multiplying the result of this multiplication by 200.

What I don’t understand is why does the function costOfMonitors also has rows and columns as parameters and how does it affect the code, if it does affect it at all.

There’s probably a very clear and easy explanation but I can’t seem to find it.

Hey there and welcome to the forums!

So the first part of the code is the function definition of monitorCount(). This defines what actions the function is to take when called, and it gives it 2 parameters for use inside the function, rows and columns. This returns the product of rows and columns to wherever it was called.

The middle part of the code is the function definition of costOfMonitors(). This is a little different to the last one, as it actually calls the function monitorCount() inside of it. This means that whenever costOfMonitors() is called, monitorCount() is going to be called also. As monitorCount() requires 2 arguments rows and columns, as we mentioned in the previous paragraph, it cannot be called without being given values for these arguments.

Since costOfMonitors() wants to call monitorCount(), it needs 2 values to provide to that function in order to actually get the value needed for it (costOfMonitors()) to be returned correctly. As such we also give this function 2 parameters, rows and columns. This way when you pass the values into costOfMonitors() these make their way through to monitorCount() and the code can execute correctly. If you removed rows and columns in the definition for costOfMonitors() and also removed 5 and 5 from the function call when defining totalCost you will see this in action.

function monitorCount(rows, columns) { return rows * columns; } function costOfMonitors() { return monitorCount(rows, columns) * 200; } const totalCost = costOfMonitors(); console.log(totalCost);

Note how in the code block above, we have removed these, and the code now throws an error. It’s looking for a variable or argument named rows for monitorCount() but it cannot find any. Therefore the code returns an error.

Apologies for the long message, but I wanted to try give you as much info as possible so it can hopefully be clarified! Happy to clear anything up if necessary.

Thank you, so a function to be called always has to have parameters correct?

Unless the parameters have default arguments then yes, you always need to call a function with arguments where it has parameters when defined.