FAQ: Variables: Lesson - Casting Types Continued

This community-built FAQ covers the “Casting Types Continued” exercise from the lesson “Variables: Lesson”.

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Hello, fellow coders, am I supposed to see a pattern or is there a way I could predict the output target 7 before the code is executed?

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Hi mega!
I just tried a lot of possibilities out and here is a list of what I found:

  • 0 to 32 → nothing
  • 33 to 47 → punctuation marks, symbols
  • 48 to 57 → numbers (0 through 9)
  • 58 to 64 → punctuation marks, symbols
  • 65 to 90 → alphabet in capital letters
  • 91 to 96 → punctuation marks, symbols
  • 97 to 122 → alphabet in lowercase letters
  • 123 to 127 → puncutation marks, symbols
  • above → undefined
    Beware not to enter 128 (or above) and cast it to a char. It is not defined and the program will not execute, since chars are only defined from 0 to 127. Of course the same goes for values below 0.

Hello, yes, you can predict number 7 before execute code. Here how it works.
First, when you give targetChar value of sourceInt, casting it with (char) type, you get letter c (lowercase), because 99 is ASCII value letter c . They mention that 97 is letter a . Next, when you change value on variable targetChar to sourceDouble, because value of sourceDouble is 55.67 , you will get 7 , because 55 is ASCII value for character 7. It’s using 55, not 55.67 because in C , you don’t round like in mathematics, program only uses whole number. If you had 55.99, it will use 55 again.
Char 7 here is not same like number 7 .
For example :

int sourceNum = 55;
char Num1 = (char)sourceNum;
int Num2 = 7;

When you print Num1 and Num2, you will get both value of 7 , but they are not same. First is char 7, and second is number 7 .
If you want to sum them, you won’t get 14 .

#include <stdio.h>
int main() {
  int sourceNum=55;
  char Num1;
  int Num2=7;
  // Output logic
  printf("%c + %d = %d\n", Num1,Num2,Num1+Num2);

I barely understand this part.
Why? Because nowhere it is mentioned that ASCII takes part here, that would help to know about it, because on the second exercise the console outputs 7 but with what we’re given with we can’t understand if we don’t dig deep until finding in forums.

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