FAQ: Javascript and the DOM - Traversing the DOM

This community-built FAQ covers the “Traversing the DOM” exercise from the lesson “Javascript and the DOM”.

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This exercise can be found in the following Codecademy content:

Web Development

FAQs on the exercise Traversing the DOM

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I can’t seem to find or notice any effect on the DOM, when i tweak the both the .Firstchild and parentNood.

Please post your code.

node.firstChild
node.parentNode

I had the same problem (my code is below). It took a few resets before the changes were rendered and it worked perfectly. I find that a lot of the problems in this section are much less responsive to our input compared to other lessons. Is there a reason for this?

let first = document.body.firstChild;
first.innerHTML = “I am the child!”
first.parentNode.innerHTML = ‘I am the parent and my inner HTML has been replaced!’

1 Like

This one is broken.
When you put the correct answer:
let first = document.body.firstChild();
first.innerHTML = “I am the child!”;

first.parentNode.innerHTML = “I am the parent and my inner HTML has been replaced!”;

The grading is messed up. It give the error: “Did you tweak the contents inside ?”
and will only accept:

let first = document.body.firstChild;
first.innerHTML = “First child”;
first.parentNode.innerHTML = “I am the parent and my inner HTML has been replaced!”;

Which is wrong the string “First child” is not mentioned in the instructions and comes from outer space.

3 Likes
.firstChild

is not a method, but a property.

It is not an answer for the question and don’t now if this is the right place to ask.
I noticed something. If you start the <h1></h1> element (fist child of the body) in a new line, code won’t work.
What is the reason for that?
Is that because even space is counted as a child?

HTML should not be affected by line breaks, or absence of them.

<body>
  <h1>The First Child</h1>
</body>

This one it doesn’t work.

Please post your script content.

Blockquote let first = document.querySelector(‘body’).firstChild

Blockquote first.innerHTML = ‘this is first child’

This is my JS.
After I run, I get the result in the picture in previous reply.
(It does not update the innerHTML property of the firstChild)

body is actually a global variable that we can reference directly without having to query its selector.

let first = document.body.firstChild

Give that a try and see what happens.

I have the same result. If I start the first child (h1 element) in new line, it is not updated.
It is like it does not recognize it as a child.
But instead if I use

let first = document.body.children[0]
first.innerHTML = ‘first child’

It works fine regardless of where the first child is located
(Either in a new line)

let first = document.body.firstChild;
first.innerHTML = "First child";
//first.parentNode.innerHTML = "I am the parent and my inner HTML has been replaced!";

let first = document.body.firstChild;
first.innerHTML = "First child";
first.parentNode.innerHTML = "I am the parent and my inner HTML has been replaced!";

1 Like

Yet another misleading one, ‘FIRST CHILD’??? I would be very interested to find out how often does codecademy revisit their content to check for accuracy. As I keep going through the examples sometimes I get more and more discouraged, for one I’m trying to grasp the concept but it doesn’t help when they throw curve balls like this with the inaccuracy in their solutions.

1 Like

why i cant go to the next exercise?

first.innerHTML    = 'i am the child!'
Did you set ... to = 'I am the child!'
1 Like

Oops, so is only typing errors :sweat_smile: thanks for the reply

Just a quick heads up. The following will mark the first question as a green check, as if you did somethiung correctly, but will NOT change the text on the webpage.

let first = document.body.firstChild;

document.first.innerHTML = ‘I am the child!’;

Hello and thank you for the help in advance. While solving exercise I try to figure out different solution, and I would like to ask why the first piece of code is correct and indeed changes the first body’s element, while the does not:

  1. "let first = document.body.firstChild;

first.innerHTML = ‘I am the child!’; "

  1. let first = body.firstChild;

document.first.innerHTML = ‘I am the child!’;

Why is it compulsory to save the root node into the variable and NOT add it to the js’s command? Thank you again!