FAQ: Introduction to PHP Form Validation - Basic Data Sanitizing

This community-built FAQ covers the “Basic Data Sanitizing” exercise from the lesson “Introduction to PHP Form Validation”.

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FAQs on the exercise Basic Data Sanitizing

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I am not sure if this lesson is working properly or I missed something. This is the code I used which gave me the check mark for question one but the output did not change the html to the reserved characters.

image

This is the correct code.

htmlspecialchars prevents code injection.

For example, try submitting <script>alert('hi');</script> with and without htmlspecialchars.

You’ll notice that htmlspecialchars escapes the HTML code (not recognized as such, just plain text).

You should always use this built-in function whenever you’re outputting potentially harmful data.

I guess I am still a bit confused. Shouldn’t the htmlspecialchars() change the output to the reserved characters? If I were to submit your code, it should change the output to &lt;script&gt;('hi');&lt;/script&gt; , correct? It just leaves to the code as is <script>alert('hi');</script>.

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Here’s the trick, though. It does do that, but in the source code:

The output that users see, however, is cleaner. And the result is the same! :slight_smile:

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Okay I get it! Thanks you so much for your help!

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