FAQ: Introduction to NumPy - Review

This community-built FAQ covers the “Review” exercise from the lesson “Introduction to NumPy”.

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This exercise can be found in the following Codecademy content:

Data Science

Introduction to Statistics with NumPy

FAQs on the exercise Review

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There is not a lot of discussion on some of the tasks asked to be performed in here, specifically 6 and 7 which could be considered difficult to a newer python learner.

6. “Hmmm, interesting” the researcher mumbles, “can you also give me the 6:00 AM data for Thursday and Friday?” Save this data to a new array thursday_friday_morning .

If you look at the two-dimensional array of:

[[ 46.6  48.1  61.8  56. ]
 [ 50.   47.5  61.3  55.6]
 [ 49.7  47.2  60.9  55.2]
 [ 49.5  47.1  60.6  54.9]
 [ 49.2  46.9  60.2  54.5]]

Then start the process by printing out something like this where we slice a start of 3, with a not inclusive stop of 5

print(temperatures_fixed[3:5])

You will get, something like below, which

[[ 49.5 47.1 60.6 54.9] [ 49.2 46.9 60.2 54.5]]

Good start, but not what the lesson wants, it only wants the 6am temperature for Thursday/Friday, not all the temperatures. You will use ‘,’ in the slice to select the element of the second dimension, 6am is element 1.

thursday_friday_morning = temperatures_fixed[3:5,1]

or

thursday_friday_morning = np.array(temperatures_fixed[3:5,1])

both will work

7. Select all temperatures that are under 50 degrees or over 60 degrees and save them to a new array temperature_extremes .

Past in some looping related tutorials they have shown that you can create a list from another list with some conditions using:

var = [l for l in list if <some condition with l>]

You can also perform a nested loop by doing:

var = [l for l in list for ll in l if <condition>]

So with that understanding you can do the following:

temperature_extremes = [float(t) for tf in temperatures_fixed for t in tf if t < 50 or t > 60]

Which will give you the output and the correct answer:

[46.6, 48.1, 61.8, 47.5, 61.3, 49.7, 47.2, 60.9, 49.5, 47.1, 60.6, 49.2, 46.9, 60.2]
3 Likes

I am curious what the code would be for task 6 if they had asked us for 6:00am data for Wednesday & Friday instead so I can learn what the formatting would be when two rows can’t be expressed as a range.

I came here looking for the source .csv so I can play with the data on my own Python interpreter… anyone have a link to the NOAA .csv data that this exercise references?

Meh.
I played with the code and get it up on github as a colab notebook. I hope it helps someone! Jupyter notebooks are awesome for learning code!

Finally, the persistent researcher now wants all the high and low temperatures over the week.

Select all temperatures that are under 50 degrees or over 60 degrees and save them to a new array temperature_extremes .

I don’t understand the reason why if i do this
temperature_extremes = temperatures_fixed[(temperatures_fixed < 50) & (temperatures_fixed > 60)]
print(’\n’)
print(temperature_extremes)

that is, I want the array list of temperatures that are less than 50 and the temperatures that are more than 60 from the temperature fixed array but it gives me empty array

If i change the logic and say i want the array of temperatures that are less than 50 or the temperatures above 60 it gives me the result i wanted for the AND operator i.e

temperature_extremes = temperatures_fixed[(temperatures_fixed < 50) | (temperatures_fixed > 60)]
print(’\n’)
print(temperature_extremes)

THIS THREW ME OFF BALANCE AND GET ME MORE CONFUSED