FAQ: Introduction to Functions - Review


This community-built FAQ covers the “Review” exercise from the lesson “Introduction to Functions”.

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Data Science

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1 Like

Hi there, quick question!

I understand that with the ‘lyrics’ variable we over-road the number 10 in the function and therefore “Row” appeared 3 times. I’m just wondering what part of the code told “print” to display the whole function 10 times?


lyrics = repeat_stuff("Row ", 3) + "Your Boat. "
runs the function giving two arguments, therefore overwriting the 10.

The second step
song = repeat_stuff(lyrics)
runs the function again but this time you’re not overwriting the default num_repeats argument of 10 since you’re not giving a second argument.


I think that when we put (“row”, 3) it defines num_repeats as 3, but when we put just (lyrics) with out any specified number, it used the defined default of 10 applied in step four. I think.


Hi guys,

I’m currently stuck at sub exercise 2. which states

Outside of the function, call repeat_stuff .

You can use the value "Row " for stuff and 3 for num_repeats .

what does that translate into python ?

I can’t seem to get it to greenlight it to move to step 3.


Make sure you put the space behind “Row” so that it is "Row ".


Make sure your code is not indented two spaces for this line:

repeat_stuff("Row ", 3)


Hey, thanks for the help!


Why is it that when you define the variable lyrics without the 10 being default it won’t run even though in lyrics we defined both positional arguments?

1 Like

num_repeats will be 10 if we do not supply a second positional argument.

lyrics = repeat_stuff("Row ") + "Your Boat\n"
Row Row Row Row Row Row Row Row Row Row Your Boat

If we supply no arguments it will raise an exception.

TypeError: repeat_stuff() missing 1 required positional argument: 'stuff'

If we supply a number in the first position, it will also raise an exception:

TypeError: unsupported operand type(s) for +: ‘int’ and ‘str’

Note that we are building lyrics before passing it to create song.

Row Row Row your boat

is the lyrics,

Row Row Row Your Boat
Row Row Row Your Boat
Row Row Row Your Boat
Row Row Row Your Boat
Row Row Row Your Boat
Row Row Row Your Boat
Row Row Row Your Boat
Row Row Row Your Boat
Row Row Row Your Boat
Row Row Row Your Boat

is the song, as in,

song = repeat_stuff(lyrics)

You’re right. To reiterate this,

First when the function repeat_stuff is called, the num_repeats is overwritten by 3 specified in the argument. So it print Row Row Row your boat.

Now the next line is executed song=repeat_stuff(lyrics). Note that argument is only one. That argument is assigned to stuff. Argument now holds this value “Row Row Row your boat.” and since the num_repeats is 10. It prints the whole string 10 times.

1 Like

I’m having a hard time figuring out I am doing wrong here.

Number 5

1 Like

Great question! This thread helped me too because I thought the same thing! Got it now!!

1 Like

Could please explain this again. I am unable to understand why the code will show error if num_repeats = 10 is not mentioned. Thank you.

1 Like

Because you are only using:

song = repeat_stuff(lyrics)

But the function repeat_stuff needs two parameters to run:

def repeat_stuff(stuff, num_repeats=10):

So, when you are using:

song = repeat_stuff(lyrics)

and num_repeats = 10 is not mentioned.

The num_repeats is missing and that value is needed.

1 Like

the idea is that if the second argument is missing, the parameter uses the default value. 10 in this case

@aayushishah525, can you post the code with the error so we can better understand what you are talking about?


Capitalize B in boat?


I had the same problem, I tried all the code combinations possible, but it didn’t allow me to continue the exercise…


def repeat_stuff(str(stuff), num_repeats):

repeat_stuff(“Row”, 3)

What am I missing? it won’t green light it
I’ve tried using str() in multiple ways to no effect
The solution only gives me the completed exercise, but all I want help with is this task
I’ve tried the space thing, but no effect
Thanks for your help


you just print an empty string: