FAQ: Code Challenge: String Methods - X Length


#1

This community-built FAQ covers the “X Length” exercise from the lesson “Code Challenge: String Methods”.

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This exercise can be found in the following Codecademy content:

FAQs on the exercise X Length

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#2

I was stuck here for a bit using this code:

def x_length_words(sentence, x):
  words = [ ]
  words.append(sentence.split(" "))
  for word in words:
    if len(word) < x:
      return False
  return True

This kept giving me True and True

I couldn’t figure out why it wasn’t right so asked for the solution, which gave me:

def x_length_words(sentence, x):
  words = sentence.split(" ")
  for word in words:
    if len(word) < x:
      return False
  return True

This obviously provided the correct answer of False and True.

I understand why codecademys solution is more concise than my own but can someone explain why these give different outcomes?
Does words = sentence.split(" ") create a list of the words in the sentence or have I got that wrong?

Thanks.


#3

That is exactly what it does. The argument for the split() method (" ") is the separator string that the sentence is split on resulting in a list of words.


#4

Thanks for clarifying that!
If that is the case though shouldn’t both of these give the same output?


#5

Since split() returns a list, we don’t need to define an empty list to append to.

words = sentence.split(' ');

Aside

Whenever declaring an empty list, use the [] object, not [ ]. It’s moot here, though.


#6

I read through these comments, and I have the same question as driggzzz. I also created an empty list and appended the slices to it. I under why the solution does what it does, but wouldn’t appending to an empty list yield the same results and setting the variable equal to the list that slice() creates?

I just think the messier code (i. e. creating an empty list first) would at the very least return the same output. Since that’s not the case, can anyone explain why?