Arguments Question


#1



It says everything is working fine, but I just want to understand why exactly do I have to put userChoice and computerChoice as arguments to the compare function. And what exactly arguments are. Thank you


var userChoice = prompt("Do you choose rock, paper or scissors?");
var computerChoice = Math.random();
if (computerChoice < 0.34) {
	computerChoice = "rock";
} else if(computerChoice <= 0.67) {
	computerChoice = "paper";
} else {
	computerChoice = "scissors";
} console.log("Computer: " + computerChoice);

var compare = function(choice1,choice2)
{
    if(choice1 === choice2){
    
        return "The result is a tie!";
    }
    
    else if(choice1 === "rock"){
        if(choice2 === "scissors"){
            return "rock wins";
        }
        else{
            return "paper wins";
            
        }
        
  }
  
    else if(choice1 === "paper"){
        if(choice2 === "rock"){
            return "paper wins";
            
        }
        
        else{
            return "scissors wins";
            
        }
    }
    
    
    else if(choice1 === "scissors"){
        if(choice2 === "rock"){
            return "rock wins";
            
        }
        else{
            return "scissors wins";
            
        }
        
    }
    
    
    compare(userChoice,computerChoice);


#2

@textrockstar54089,

the FUNCTION talk

var myFunc = function( param1, param2) {
       //Begin of  anonymous FUNCTION-BODY
       //VARIABLE -myFunc- has an -anonymous function- assigned
       //this -anonymous function- has 2 PARAMETERS param1 and param2
       //param1 and param2 PARAMETERS are used 
       //as -local- VARIABLES throughout the FUNCTION-BODY

      console.log( param1 + " and " + param2 ) ;

      //End of anonymous FUNCTION-BODY
};

If you want to call/execute the anonymous function
you will have to add a pair of parentheses to the variable myFunc
like
myFunc();
As the anonymous function was defined
as having 2 parameters
you have to provide 2 arguments
in our case 2 string VALUES "Alena" and "Lauren"
like
myFunc("Alena","Lauren");

some quotes from the outer-world:

**argument is the value/variable/reference being passed in,
parameter is the receiving variable used within the function/block**

OR

**"parameters" are called "formal parameters",
while "arguments" are called "actual parameters".**

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

function with 1 parameter using return-statement

var myFunction = function( param1 ) {
       //Begin of FUNCTION-BODY
       //myFunction =function= has 1 PARAMETER param1
       //this param1 PARAMETER is used as a -local- VARIABLE
       //throughout the FUNCTION-BODY

      return param1;

      //End of FUNCTION-BODY
      };

you have defined a myFunction function
which takes 1 parameter param1
this param1 parameter is used
as a variable throughout the FUNCTION-BODY.

If you want to call/execute this myFunction function
and this myFunction function was defined
as having 1 parameter param1
you will have to provide 1 argument
in our case a "number VALUE" 4
myFunction( 4 );

some quotes from the outer-world:

**argument is the value/variable/reference being passed in,
parameter is the receiving variable used within the function/block**

OR

**"parameters" are called "formal parameters",
while "arguments" are called "actual parameters".**

============================================

As you are using the return-statement in your myFunction function
you will only get a return-value no-display.
You can however capture this return-value in a variable
and then use the console.log()-method to do a display.

var theResult = myFunction( 4 );
console.log( theResult );

OR directly

console.log( myFunction( 4 ) );

#3

Thank you, The usage of functions seems a little obscure at first, but I think I'm finally getting a wider view of what exactly is their role in a code and the appliable possibilities.