15 Iterating over a function



Why does the order of numbers[i] += result and result +=numbers[i] matter? 
What does += do?
What exactly is iterating?
What exactly is looping?

n = [3, 5, 7]
def total(numbers):
    result = 0
    for i in range(len(numbers)):
        numbers[i] += result
    return result 

n = [3, 5, 7]
def total(numbers):
    result = 0
    for i in range(len(numbers)):
        result += numbers[i]
    return result


Lets see your questions in order:

1) numbers[i] += result is the same as numbers[i] = numbers[i] + result If you switch the places of numbers[i] and result it will go into result. (Because the original one goes into numbers[i])

2) Look at number 1

3) Iteration is a general term for taking each item of
something, one after another. Any time you use a loop, explicit or
implicit, to go over a group of items, that is iteration.

4) For loops are traditionally used when you have a piece of code which you want to repeat n number of times. As an alternative, there is the While Loop, however, while is used when a condition is to be met, or if you want a piece of code to repeat forever, for example -

For loop from 0 to 2, therefore running 3 times.

 for x in range(0, 3):
        print "We're on time %d" % (x)

Hope this helps answer your questions!


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