If you pass in range(3) or range(0,3), you get a list of [0, 2, 4], when the you yourself, factoradic, just quoted that the question reads to pass a range that RETURNS LIST [0,1,2], but that the answer is to pass range(3). You're not reading your own instructions correctly. This question is not written correctly.
In order to get this function to return a list of [0,1,2] while passing in range(3), you HAVE TO change the body of the function to be x[i] = x[i] * 1, not x[i] = x[i] * 2 as it currently reads. Mathematically, you can't get a list of [0,1,2] from 0*2, 1*2, and then 2*2. You didn't trace the proper results of your function and write the question accordingly.
The only way to get the list the question reads to create would be to step by a 1/2-step, hence step by the float 0.5. Then tracing your function as written you would get 0*2 = 0, 0.5*2 =1, 1*2 = 2. But, then, either Python has have to an overloaded method for range() or one would have to write one's own function to overload range(), allowing it to accept floats.
Once putting in the float as the step in the range, you get a red pop-up dialog from your program reading "Oops, looks like you didn't pass in the range(0,1,2)," (besides the Python compiler error). That's quoting your program verbatim.
If you pass in range(0,1,2) you will only ever get x =  as that range is written. Even changing the body of the function to get something other than , you WILL ONLY EVER GET A LIST OF ONE ELEMENT. You CAN'T EVER get a list of [0,1,2] or even more thane one element if you start at index 0, and stop before index 1 as the read pop-up dialog states to do.
Obviously, the both the dialog with the hint/correct answer and the way the question is written is wrong.
To write the question correctly, you would HAVE TO change the directions to read. "Pass in a range that will return the list [0,2,4]," and when a wrong answer is inputted by the user, change the RED DIALOG to read, "Oops, looks like you didn't pass in range(3)."
You would HAVE TO change the directions to read. "Pass in a range that will return the list ," and leave the RED DIALOG as is. Although, then, the program would have to be programmed to accept any answer, not just range(0,1,2) that gives list , like range(1) or range(0,1). If you're only looping once with the range, a step or an increment is superfluous.
This question is not only not clear, it's plainly written incorrectly.